Steinkuehler, C. (2015). Video games and digital literacies. Journal of Adolescent & Adult
Literacy, 54(1) (September 2010), 61-63.
Steinkuehler (2015) described a novel approach to studying the effect of video games on students and concluded that video games are “important literary practices” (63), much to the disagreement of parents and teachers who see video games as distasteful distractions. Period. Quite by accident, during her afterschool lab time created to study boys and gaming and the disconnect from school, Steinkuehler met “Julio.” Through that acquaintance, she learned that when a boy is allowed “to choose what to read, he [may] read four grades above his diagnosed reading level, not three grades below,” as was happening to Julio in his English class. His English teacher decided he was troubling for her and sent him for testing in special education. Steinkuehler concluded that the English classroom had become a female domain and that students were being forced to love only what the teacher loved — a demand that Julio and others like him were not going to meet.
Even though the article offered no compromise with parents, teachers and especially English teachers, the point was well made that boys, in particular, may do well in school only when they have choice in their content. Technology that could be used to engage boys and hopefully open the way to academic development should be encouraged. Studies that highlighted just such a practice would be supportive of the stance taken in this article.
As an English teacher, I stand guilty as charged (by Steinkuehler, anyway). I have given very few choices to students as to what they would prefer to read, considering that an option for their spare time. The classroom curriculum was outlined for me and I complied. I did not include video games or other more creative technology to engage disinterested boys, for example. Looking back, I wish I had. There were more unengaged boys in my classes than otherwise. I knew they weren’t reading, and their grades reflected their choices. The opportunity to reach them is lost now, but I can encourage my teacher candidates to be more open to how technology (namely video games, for the sake of this discussion) could enhance their future classroom curricula.